General anaesthesia side effects is basically a medically induced coma, but not sleep, in which the drugs are administered intravenously ( by use of IV) one is mumbling after anesthesia, making the patient unconscious and unresponsive. Sometimes local anaesthesia is inhaled.
Examples of general anaesthesia drugs include: ketamin, propofol, benzodiazepines, midazolam, etomidate, barbiturates, methohexital and amytal.
There four stages of general anaesthesia:
• Disorientation or analgesia
• Delirium or excitement
• Surgical anaesthesia
• Stoppage of respiration.
General anaesthesia helps patients undergo painless surgery but could have serious side effects as well during and after the procedure. The following are the general anesthesia side effects.
1. Bruising or sore throat.
An IV tube is place inside your throat in order to help you breathe during the procedure when you are unconscious could leave you with throat that’s sore after it’s removal.
2. Post surgical delirium.
Some people experience temporary confusion or memory loss when they are regaining consciousness. This is quite common among the elderly. It may last for about a week.
Disorientation and experiencing problems focusing or remembering things may also happen. It gets worse for patients who continue to stay in the hospital after the procedure, especially the intensive care unit and they should ensure that they are surrounded by family photos or family members and friends.
3. Vomiting and nausea.
This is a common occurrence especially after the first few hours or days of the procedure. It can be triggered by different things like the type of surgery, motion or medication a patient is on.
Shivering and chills occurs to approximately half of the patients as they regain consciousness. It could be related to body temperature.
Some other side effects of general anaesthesia may include:
• Muscle aches
• Difficulty in passing urine
Rarely, general anaesthesia may cause some serious side effects such as cognitive dysfunction or postoperative delirium, where memory loss and confusion lasts longer than a few days after the procedure, as well as malignant hyperthermia, causing muscle constraints and a quick fever which could be a deadly reaction.
The risk of side effects of general anaesthesia can be lowered by meeting with a physician anaesthetist prior to the procedure and discussing your lifestyle, medical history and health habits. This will help the physician determine how you may react to different types of general anaesthesia and decide which is more suitable for you.
This is also a good time to ask questions that you may have.