Difficulty in reading may have underlying causes that you can address with the help of medical professionals. Reading is crucial for a child’s academic, economic, and social success. However, some children experience reading difficulties. Besides that, children might have even completed schooling without achieving more than basic literacy. A variety of reasons can cause why children find it difficult to read. For example, maybe there is a vision problem or could be another medical condition.
Various reading problems can associate with difficulty in reading. From a common perspective, people will only compare a child’s reading ability to another one. However, reading difficulty can occur from different causes. It might even include other types of learning disability, such as problems with writing or numbers.
On the other hand, a learning disability can include a wide variety of learning problems. Reading difficulty falls under its umbrella. A learning disability in reading comprehension can affect their ability to understand the meaning of the words and passages. Reading problems occur in association with the following issues:
- Poor vision
- Loss of hearing
- Improper directional tracking (reading from right to left instead of left to right)
- Poor comprehension
- Decoding issues
- ADD – a type of ADHD that doesn’t involve constant movement and fidgeting.
- ADHD – a brain-based disorder
Any of these might be causing the reading disorder of your child. Symptoms can help you identify if your child has a reading disorder. You can see them right below this paragraph. But before that, you might also want to watch this short video about the causes of reading difficulties.
Common signs of reading problems
Your child may have a reading disorder if he shows the following signals:
- A child poorly developed communication or motor skills.
- Children show an inability to pay attention.
- They get easily distracted.
- You can observe their frequent request for repetition of information.
- Furthermore, you will often see them squint their eyes. This activity only shows they have difficulty seeing things at a distance.
On the first indications of these signs, it would be best to let a medical professional check on your child. The doctors can use a series of tests to diagnose a reading disorder. Additionally, they will evaluate a person’s memory, spelling, visual perception, and reading skills. Moreover, they might also consider checking on the family history, the child’s previous response to instructions, and other assessments.
Impacts of poor reading
Reading skills have a significant impact on anyone. It can even affect several aspects, especially a student’s life. Please take note of the following:
- Academic: Reading skills are one of the requirements for academic success. In general, students should carry out reading skills throughout their schooling. Furthermore, at a particular grade level, teachers might not spend more time teaching students how to read. At this period, children will struggle at school academically.
- Emotional: Struggling readers might end up with lower self-esteem. Experiencing trouble in reading can make them feel incapable and unintelligent. Furthermore, comparing themselves with others will go a long way.
- Social: Poor reading skills can even affect the socialization skills of a child. Not being able to read might hinder them from approaching other students.
However, we might be missing something here. It is not only the students’ reading skills that matter here but also the teaching skills. Students with reading problems have individual difficulties. In this case, teachers should learn how to address them individually as well.
Furthermore, teachers might need to make some improvements in the way they teach reading. Ineffective instruction might also be an underlying cause for the student’s inability to read.
Strategies to improve reading comprehension
Struggling readers need support to improve their reading comprehension. It might require some more effort for a few of them. However, assisting them would be a great help. So please try the following strategies. They can work if you genuinely want them to improve.
- Find books that capture their interest. It would be best to guide them in books they like to read.
- Try reading the book aloud. You can encourage your child to use this strategy at times that they are struggling to read.
- Skimming of headings allows the children to understand what they are about to read. Headings include the main points as well.
- Struggling readers find some parts are quite confusing for them. For this reason, consider revisiting those parts for your child or just a quick refresher.
- Additionally, you can use a ruler or finger while reading. This way, your child can follow what you are reading.
- Furthermore, some words might be unfamiliar for them. Please write it down and let them look for its meaning on their own using a dictionary.
- Make sure to have a discussion with your child about what you read together. You can ask your child about what they learned from it. Consider making recaps or summarizing the main points.
- Allow your children to raise questions about what they did not understand. Letting them reflect on it will also help.
- As you are reading together, identify every detail of your child’s difficulties.
- Try to use different formats that will work for them.
Treatment for a learning disability
We could say that reading is essential for everyone. A learning disability for reading comprehension can hinder opportunities your child can enjoy at present and even in the future. Treatment options are available, which a child can undergo to address a specific learning disorder. There is no cure for a reading disorder. However, a struggling reader can overcome the issues relative to poor reading skills. In effect, it will bring significant improvement to their reading.
One of the best methods applicable is to involve the child earlier with instructions in language and reading or structured literacy. Aside from that, the use of assistive technology is also beneficial. Examples of these are audiobooks, text-to-speech programs, and speech-to-text programs.
On the other hand, there are some cases wherein special education takes place. Special education teachers provide a different approach when it comes to the needs of these children. They even underwent training and education specifically for this setup.
A specific therapy also applies to a particular learning disorder. Aside from that, medical professionals might even need to use medications to manage the child’s depression or severe anxiety. Furthermore, alternative treatments are also available. It might help to make dietary changes, vitamin intakes, and many more.
Treatment will not be as easy as it seems. However, let us consider how massive the impact can be if a child will not improve reading skills. Poor reading skills can significantly affect their future.
Benefits of reading
Reading is beneficial. As shown above, there are significant effects if a child cannot read. In this part of the article, let me share with you the benefits of reading. These are the reasons why we should encourage children to read often. Even the adults as well.
- Regular practice of reading makes a child get better at it.
- Reading is an excellent way to exercise the brain. In effect, it strengthens brain connection and gives way to new connections.
- Additionally, it helps improve a child’s concentration.
- Furthermore, reading becomes a way for children to grasp information about the world around them.
- Books and other reading materials may contain unfamiliar words for them. In effect, it can improve their vocabulary and language skills.
- Reading allows children to run their imaginations. Aside from that, they even apply it in their everyday play.
- Moreover, reading helps develop empathy among children. It helps them think of what they should feel in a given situation.
- Reading is fun. You can take reading material anywhere you go. While you are at it, it will never be boring for you.
- In the same way, reading is a source of a bonding moment between a parent and a child. It is an excellent way to spend time together.
- Children, who are inclined to reading, excel academically and promote more remarkable achievements.
On the other hand, we should still maintain balance in a child’s daily activities. At their age, their development is quite broad.
Reading is not for children only but also the adults. Additionally, we all know that education is a continuous process. Learning should not stop when we graduate from school. For this reason, reading is the best way to achieve this never-ending requirement.
This article has provided the issues related to reading disorders and the signs to identify them. We have also gained information about its impact and the simple strategies we can apply to address the condition.
As parents, we have to be very observant with our children. In effect, it leads to quick identification if something is going on with them. This way, we can immediately act upon it the sooner we knew about it.
A reading disability can still improve. It only needs support, correct strategies, and the eagerness to help the children get through it. Let’s show our children that a disability can never hinder their dreams as long as they put effort to work it out until the end.