ADD, or attention deficit disorder is the medical term for patients with symptoms like being distracted, need for attention, and weak memory associated with a neurological condition. Is ADD a learning disability? The answer is no, ADD is not a specific learning disability. Learning disability is totally different from ADD. If you need help to understand more, find a professional online. Pediatric specialists are all over the internet nowadays.
ADD and Learning Disability
A lot of people are confused between attention deficit disorder and specific learning disabilities. To clear things up, let’ discuss their differences. A specific learning disability is a kind of disorder that hinders a child to learn as they have difficulty in listening, thinking, writing, spelling, comprehending, and calculating.
A specific learning disability may cause a child to not understand English or math. In some cases, they are even struggling in reading and comprehension.
The root cause of a specific learning disability is still unknown. But experts are firm in concluding that this is not due to poor teaching, parenting habits, lack of instruction, or economic situation. They believe that the reasons are far deeper than what we can understand at the moment and that further studies are required.
Apart from ADD, children with specific learning disabilities are also often linked with the following conditions:
- depressive disorders
- language disorders
- Autism Disorders
- behavioral disorders
There is no cure for learning disabilities and that this could last a lifetime. But the good news is that a child can undergo counseling to help him learn methods and techniques whenever he is struggling.
What is Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention deficit disorder is a kind of mental health disorder that is quite challenging to deal with. People with ADD suffer from difficulty staying focused, hyperactivity, and unrepressed behaviors. Due to this, their relationships with family and friends get affected.
The symptoms of ADD usually come out during childhood and progresses into adulthood. However, the symptoms in adults are quite different than in children. For some adults, the hyperactivity gradually decreases over time, but they do have problems with being restless, impulsive, and paying attention.
Additionally, the treatments for adults and children are quite similar. Both of them are taking medication and counseling to help them manage the symptoms on their own.
Aside from difficulty paying attention, children with attention deficit disorder might also exhibit the following symptoms:
- problem-solving issues
- cannot manage their time well
- multitasking is hard for them
- weak planning skills
- easily gets frustrated
- mood swings
- cannot finish a task
- stressed most of the time
Because of these symptoms, some people find it hard to tolerate people with ADD. They even misunderstand their intentions and often keep themselves away from them.
Three Kinds Of ADD
ADD is also divided into three different categories. These are the “Inattentive ADD”, Hyperactive-Impulsive ADD“, and “Combined ADD”. So what are the differences? Let’s find out.
Inattentive ADD is the lack of interest in general. You might find the child uninterested in listening, socializing, or just simply does not like to pay attention. Most people in the inattentive category are disorganized and often misplaced their own things. They also tend to be very forgetful (mainly because they didn’t pay attention in the first place) and have trouble in doing tasks.
One of the things that they hate the most is having to finish a task that requires them to stay mentally focused for a long duration. It also hard for them to stay focused as they get easily distracted, moreover, following specific instructions is not their forte.
Kids are normally hyperactive in nature. But if this starts to get out of control, a parent may opt to consider consulting a specialist. With this type of ADD, a child often runs into objects or people and deliberately knocks things down. Because of this, they usually have wounds and small injuries. They are also the kind of kids who do not like listening to stories. As the child grows up, he might have trouble completing tasks and is often interrupting other people’s conversations. In adulthood, they tend to be annoying to others.
Combined ADD is the most common kind of attention deficit disorder. It is a combination of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive categories., and individuals with combined ADD typically manifest symptoms of both.
Attention Deficit Disorder Risk Factors
Ideally, the cause of ADD in most patients is just the same. Although the main reason why it exists is still under investigation, experts believe that there are several factors that contribute to its development. According to studies, the components below are the potential factors as to why a person might manifest symptoms of ADD:
Studies show that attention deficit disorder can be inherited by a child. The genes of the parents play a vital role in its development and progression. In fact, a parent might have the disorder without their knowledge and pass it on to their child. Moreover, specific genes have also shown consistent presence in people with ADD.
ADD is an intricate disorder potentially caused by several factors. And in this case, the environment might also have a role. Whether we like it or not, our environment can have a significant impact on our behavior and personality. For example, a person might develop ADD if their mother is smoking during pregnancy or while they are breastfeeding. The toxins that the child is being exposed to puts him at greater risk of getting the disorder.
If during childhood the patients suffer a traumatic injury that damaged their brain, there’s a possibility that for them to develop attention deficit disorder as they grow up.
There are a lot of risks when it comes to premature birth. Apart from the possibility of a weak immune system, this might also cause the child to develop ADD later on in their life.
Experts also suggest that boys are more susceptible to ADD than girls.
If you suspect that your child has ADD, it’s always much better to have them checked by a specialist to manage the symptoms as early as possible.